Ajax by Sophocles (Created by) - PDF free download eBook

Book author:

  • Published: Sep 03, 2015
  • Reviews: 293

Brief introduction:

Ajax - Sophocles - Translated by R. C. TrevelyanSophocless Ajax is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BC. The date of Ajaxs first performance is unknown and may never be found, but most scholars regard it as an early work, circa 450 - 430...

more details below

Details of Ajax

ISBN
9781179039435
Publisher
The Perfect Library
Publication date
Age range
18+ Years
Book language
GB
Pages
594
Format
PDF, DOC, FB2, RTF
Quality
Normal quality OCR
Dimensions
7.44 (w) x 9.69 (h) x 1.20 (d)
Download cursor

Some brief overview of this book

Ajax - Sophocles - Translated by R. C. Trevelyan

Sophocless Ajax is a Greek tragedy written in the 5th century BC. The date of Ajaxs first performance is unknown and may never be found, but most scholars regard it as an early work, circa 450 - 430 B.C. (J. Moore, 2). It chronicles the fate of the warrior Ajax after the events of the Iliad, but before the end of the Trojan War.

At the onset of the play, Ajax is enraged because Achilles armor was awarded to Odysseus, rather than to him. He vows to kill the Greek leaders who disgraced him. Before he can enact his extraordinary revenge, though, he is tricked by the goddess Athena into believing that the sheep and cattle that were taken by the Achaeans as spoil are the Greek leaders. He slaughters some of them, and takes the others back to his home to torture, including a ram which he believes to be his main rival, Odysseus.

Ajax realizes what he has done and is in agony over his actions. Ajaxs pain is not because of his wish to kill Agamemnon and Odysseus. He is extremely upset that Athena fooled him and is sure that the other Greek warriors are laughing at him. Ajax contemplates ending his life due to his shame. His concubine, Tecmessa, pleads for him not to leave her and her child unprotected. Ajax then gives his son, Eurysakes, his shield. Ajax leaves the house saying that he is going out to purify himself and bury the sword given to him by Hector. Teukros, Ajaxs brother, arrives in the Greek camp to taunting from his fellow soldiers. Kalchas warns that Ajax should not be allowed to leave his tent until the end of the day or he will die. Teukros sends a messenger to Ajaxs campsite with word of Kalchas prophesy. Tecmessa and soldiers try to track him down, but are too late. Ajax had indeed buried the sword, but has left the blade sticking out of the ground and has impaled himself upon it.

Sophocles lets us hear the speech Ajax gives immediately before his suicide (which, unlike in most Greek tragedies, where action and death are reported, is called for to take place onstage), in which he calls for vengeance against the sons of Atreus (Menelaus and Agamemnon) and the whole Greek army. Ajax also wishes for the first to find his body to be Teukros, so that he is not found by an enemy and his body left without a proper burial. Tecmessa is the first to discover Ajax impaled on his sword, with Teukros arriving shortly after. He orders that Eurysakes be brought to him so that he will be safe from Ajaxs foes. Menelaus appears on the scene and orders the body not to be moved.

The last part of the play revolves around the dispute over what to do with Ajaxs body. Ajaxs half brother Teukros intends on burying him despite the demands of Menelaus and Agamemnon that the corpse is not to be buried. Odysseus, although previously Ajaxs enemy, steps in and persuades them to allow Ajax a proper funeral by pointing out that even ones enemies deserve respect in death, if they were noble. The play ends with Teukros making arrangements for the burial (which is to take place without Odysseus, out of respect for Ajax).

See more interesting books:

  • The Fairyland Series (Books 1-3) PDF
  • Monte Carlo Methods in Finance PDF
  • Black Sun PDF
  • Pictures Of The Times: A Century Of Photography From The New York Times PDF
  • Blood Moons Rising: Bible Prophecy, Israel, and the Four Blood Moons PDF
  • The Strange and Beautiful Sorrows of Ava Lavender PDF

How to download e-book

Press button "GET DOWNLOAD LINKS" and wait 20 seconds. This time is necessary for searching and sorting links. One button - 15 links for downloading the book "Ajax" in all e-book formats!

May need free signup required to download or reading online book.

A few words about book author

Sophocles (c. 497/6 BCE - winter 406/5 BCE) is one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His first plays were written later than those of Aeschylus, and earlier than or contemporary with those of Euripides. According to the Suda, a 10th-century encyclopedia, Sophocles wrote 123 plays during the course of his life, but only seven have survived in a complete form: Ajax, Antigone, The Women of Trachis, Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes and Oedipus at Colonus. For almohim. He vows to kill the Greek leaders who disgraced him. Before he can enact his extraordinary revenge, though, he is tricked by the goddess Athena into believing that the sheep and cattle that were taken by the Achaeans as spoil are the Greek leaders. He slaughters some of them, and takes the others back to his home to torture, including a ram which he believes to be his main rival, Odysseus.

Ajax realizes what he has done and is in agony over his actions. Ajaxs pain is not because of his wish to kill Agamemnon and Odysseus. He is extremely upset that Athena fooled him and is sure that the other Greek warriors are laughing at him. Ajax contemplates ending his life due to his shame. His concubine, Tecmessa, pleads for him not to leave her and her child unprotected. Ajax then gives his son, Eurysakes, his shield. Ajax leaves the house saying that he is going out to purify himself and bury the sword given to him by Hector. Teukros, Ajaxs brother, arrives in the Greek camp to taunting from his fellow soldiers. Kalchas warns that Ajax should not be allowed to leave his tent until the end of the day or he will die. Teukros sends a messenger to Ajaxs campsite with word of Kalchas prophesy. Tecmessa and soldiers try to track him down, but are too late. Ajax had indeed buried the sword, but has left the blade sticking out of the ground and has impaled himself upon it.

Sophocles lets us hear the speech Ajax gives immediately before his suicide (which, unlike in most Greek tragedies, where action and death are reported, is called for to take place onstage), in which he calls for vengeance against the sons of Atreus (Menelaus and Agamemnon) and the whole Greek army. Ajax also wishes for the first to find his body to be Teukros, so that he is not found by an enemy and his body left without a proper burial. Tecmessa is the first to discover Ajax impaled on his sword, with Teukros arriving shortly after. He orders that Eurysakes be brought to him so that he will be safe from Ajaxs foes. Menelaus appears on the scene and orders the body not to be moved.

The last part of the play revolves around the dispute over what to do with Ajaxs body. Ajaxs half brother Teukros intends on burying him despite the demands of Menelaus and Agamemnon that the corpse is not to be buried. Odysseus, although previously Ajaxs enemy, steps in and persuades them to allow Ajax a proper funeral by pointing out that even ones enemies deserve respect in death, if they were noble. The play ends with Teukros making arrangements for the burial (which is to take place without Odysseus, out of respect for Ajax).

Small FAQ about download

Book files are stored on servers owned by you?
No. We do not store files, because it is prohibited. Our site uses the API of third-party sites that store files. That is, we are doing the same thing as Google, only within the framework of one subject. Third-party sites are multimedia services that allow you to read and download e-books. By subscribing, you get access to a huge library of multimedia content, which is updated daily. Services are fully optimized for all platforms - iOS, Android and PC.
If there is a choice of file format, which format is better to download?
Modern smartphones and computers can read files of any format. But the most compatible is the *.PDF format. For example, the PDF format can be read Mozilla Firefox browser without any additions.
How long will the file be downloaded?
Very fast. We regularly check (this is a fully automatic process) the availability of servers, the links to which we offer you. If the server does not provide a quick download, then we remove it from the list.
Does the electronic version of the book completely replace the paper version?
Of course not. Best of all, if after reading an e-book, you buy a paper version of Ajax. Read the book on paper - it is quite a powerful experience.

All downloaded files are checked

EPUB

ajax.epub

  • MD5: 61130c920acf6a77f9c6c2e16d8f542c
  • SHA1: e234c364c8b6cbd2c9775841ff80eef5ec38a449
checkcheckcheckcheckcheck
PDF

ajax.pdf

  • MD5: 583980bb203e9bdb089bf9247e978cb3
  • SHA1: b2d58d48500e8d52c97a139e11ec33cf057bb792
checkcheckcheckcheckcheck
FB2

ajax.fb2

  • MD5: c826bd5b02c7ce14945f8791c2062d64
  • SHA1: 337d83a183dba3f0ee44890c7a71ba098805fd14
checkcheckcheckcheckcheck
MOBI

ajax.mobi

  • MD5: 7a5f9860c9aab4f08fe8926a60e82d6d
  • SHA1: bc15e3429a0e88cf0f9174d4eeed64a0306dd6f6
checkcheckcheckcheckcheck
DJVU

ajax.djvu

  • MD5: 1d76847bdc0d37fc9f83975f1dda55b3
  • SHA1: 0b84d45fe2791fea3d576019e03b1291f0c47ff8
checkcheckcheckcheckcheck