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Details of The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle against Fate

The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle against Fate
Exact title of book
The Revenge of Geography: What the Map Tells Us about Coming Conflicts and the Battle against Fate
Book author
Robert D. Kaplan
ISBN
9780594636588
Publisher
Random House Publishing Group
Published
Sep 11, 2012
Language
English
Format
PDF, FB2, EPUB, MOBI
Pages
432
File size (in PDF)
3888 kB

Some brief overview of book

In this provocative, startling book, Robert D. Kaplan, the bestselling author of Monsoon and Balkan Ghosts, offers a revelatory new prism through which to view global upheavals and to understand what lies ahead for continents and countries around the world. In The Revenge of Geography, Kaplan builds on the insights, discoveries, and theories of great geographers and geopolitical thinkers of the near and distant past to look back at critical pivots in history and then to look forward at the evolving global scene.

Kaplan traces the history of the worlds hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands. The Russian steppes pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland. Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East.

The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia. Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties China, able to feed only 23 percent of its people from land that is only 7 percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States. Afghanistans porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, Indias main enemy.

Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy-producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage. A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this centurys looming cataclysms.

Praise for The Revenge of Geography "An ambitious and challenging new book . . .

The Revenge of Geography displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planets geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present."Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books "Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . .

. strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events." The National Interest "Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic." The New Yorker "The Revenge of Geography serves the facts straight up.

. . .

Kaplans realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought."The Daily Beast

About book author

D. Kaplan is chief geopolitical analyst for Stratfor, a private global intelligence firm, and the author of fourteen books on foreign affairs and travel translated into many languages, including The Revenge of Geography What the Map Tells Us About Coming Conflicts and the Battle Against Fate; Monsoon The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power; Balkan Ghosts A Journey Through History; and Warrior PoliticsWhy Leadership Demands a Pagan Ethos. He has been a foreign correspondenthe evolving global scene.

Kaplan traces the history of the worlds hot spots by examining their climates, topographies, and proximities to other embattled lands. The Russian steppes pitiless climate and limited vegetation bred hard and cruel men bent on destruction, for example, while Nazi geopoliticians distorted geopolitics entirely, calculating that space on the globe used by the British Empire and the Soviet Union could be swallowed by a greater German homeland. Kaplan then applies the lessons learned to the present crises in Europe, Russia, China, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, Iran, and the Arab Middle East.

The result is a holistic interpretation of the next cycle of conflict throughout Eurasia. Remarkably, the future can be understood in the context of temperature, land allotment, and other physical certainties China, able to feed only 23 percent of its people from land that is only 7 percent arable, has sought energy, minerals, and metals from such brutal regimes as Burma, Iran, and Zimbabwe, putting it in moral conflict with the United States. Afghanistans porous borders will keep it the principal invasion route into India, and a vital rear base for Pakistan, Indias main enemy.

Iran will exploit the advantage of being the only country that straddles both energy-producing areas of the Persian Gulf and the Caspian Sea. Finally, Kaplan posits that the United States might rue engaging in far-flung conflicts with Iraq and Afghanistan rather than tending to its direct neighbor Mexico, which is on the verge of becoming a semifailed state due to drug cartel carnage. A brilliant rebuttal to thinkers who suggest that globalism will trump geography, this indispensable work shows how timeless truths and natural facts can help prevent this centurys looming cataclysms.

Praise for The Revenge of Geography "An ambitious and challenging new book . . .

The Revenge of Geography displays a formidable grasp of contemporary world politics and serves as a powerful reminder that it has been the planets geophysical configurations, as much as the flow of competing religions and ideologies, that have shaped human conflicts, past and present."Malise Ruthven, The New York Review of Books "Robert D. Kaplan, the world-traveling reporter and intellectual whose fourteen books constitute a bedrock of penetrating exposition and analysis on the post-Cold War world . .

. strips away much of the cant that suffuses public discourse these days on global developments and gets to a fundamental reality that geography remains today, as it has been throughout history, one of the most powerful drivers of world events." The National Interest "Kaplan plunges into a planetary review that is often thrilling in its sheer scale . . . encyclopedic." The New Yorker "The Revenge of Geography serves the facts straight up.

. . .

Kaplans realism and willingness to face hard facts make The Revenge of Geography a valuable antidote to the feel-good manifestoes that often masquerade as strategic thought."The Daily Beast

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